Bolzano was the last of the Italian World War 2 heavy cruisers to be built, commissioned in 1933. She was a large, beautiful ship: very fast but lightly armored -- actually, an oversized light cruiser with 8" guns. Although supposedly a sistership of the early Trento and Trieste heavy cruisers, she was different enough that she is considered a separate class.
In various surface actions against the Royal Navy, she was finally damaged by a British submarine torpedo in 1942 and captured in harbor under repair by the Germans, when Italy defected to the Allies in 1943. Italian frogmen then sank her in harbor in 1944.
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